The following article appeared in Dawn newspaper today (4/11/2012) and I am sharing it as it is for enlightenment. It provides a brief history of sectarian killings in Pakistan, most notably from Zia’s time when organized Sunni and Shia militant wings were formed and attacks were carried out on each other’s leaders as well as on general population.
by Syed Shoaib Hasan
To understand the genesis and growth of anti-Shia extremism, the claims of both Sunni and Shia leaders must be examined. Shia-Sunni violence in this region precedes Partition but its more recent form has other beginnings. Most analysts are convinced that the present problem is a product of the Pakistan’s security establishment enduring relationship with radical Sunni militancy. Continue reading
The issue of ethnic divide had been simmering beneath the surface for some time and SPLGO ordinance has once again brought it out to front. The divide has been there since the creation of Pakistan but came to prominence during the 80s and has now become the most violent factor that threatens innocent lives during peace as well as troubled times. This post is first of a series that will look at how this divide came into being and will start off with the introduction of once “Sindh’s Jinnah”, Saeen G. M. Syed. Continue reading
It is constantly repeated in history text books that separation of Sindh was result of All India Muslim League’s efforts. I am presenting a short chronology of the events that took place which eventually led to the separation of Sindh. These facts have been referenced from the book “Political Dynamics of Sindh: 1947 – 1977″ by Tanvir Ahmed Tahir.
The celebrations of victory against Bangladesh in the final of Asia Cup are still in the air. The aerial firing went on for hours last night until I finally managed to sleep and found people to be more buoyant than usual today. The taste of hard-earned victory followed by a public holiday (Pakistan Day – 23rd March) makes it even more delicious. A big round of applause for the gallant Bengalis for their new-found energy and splendid display of performance never before seen on the field. Reaching the final after defeating the likes of Sri Lanka and India is an achievement unprecedented and a promise of much more to come in future.
The topic of this post is, however, not Cricket but the public holiday itself. Pakistan Day, celebrated on 23rd March based on Pakistan Resolution passed in 1940 by All-India Muslim League; that is part of every textbook written in the country for decades. We have all seen the great fanfare this day brings, watching PTV in the morning to see military march in Islamabad with several flotillas and stunts by airforce pilots. The books, on the other hand, never manage to actually explain what this resolution was. It is called Pakistan Resolution even though it was initially called Lahore Resolution and it was passed just after 11 pm on March 24 but is celebrated on 23rd March. What was written in the resolution, it is never taught. Continue reading
As a Pakistani I find myself standing on a platform made of twigs and hoping that this make-shift ferry will survive a tsunami. Why I say this concerns less with my personal opinions and more with the daily death toll that makes headline.
While all other countries are busy making lives of their people heaven, we are confused at what life actually is. Until few years ago Mr. Anwar in my old neighborhood was extremely against his sons going abroad. He was and still is patriotic from head to toe and it took a lot to make him permit his eldest son to take up the excellent job offer from a Dubai based company. Later on Mr. Anwar got transferred to Saudi Arabia and after living there for three months he called me and told me to leave Pakistan soon. Continue reading
For 54 years September 11 was the day of mourning for a single nation. Pakistan lost its founding father, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, on this date when the country was a year old. The day of mourning became a day of horror for the nation in 2001 when World Trade Center, the hub of business activity in USA, was ‘airplaned’ to dust.
An event that took place thousands of miles away, more appropriately termed “Saat Samandar Paar” (across 7 oceans) in the local language, became the worst nightmare for all Muslims especially Pakistanis and Afghan of the world. Within a short span of time we forgot our personal attachment to this date and it became synonymous with slavery that Pakistan went into willingly. Battered and bruised for over 10 years, carrying an A-bomb in its pocket and sanctioned for so long, the new-found generosity of USA caused a short-circuit in country’s self-esteem and it turned against its own creation. A decade later it pays the price with 40k deaths, $60+ billion loss and complete identity crisis, including the real 9/11. Continue reading
It is a well known fact that the integrity of any nation depends upon its people and how much they associate themselves to their country. When that integrity gets fractured or the people refrain from associating themselves with the country, it’s just a matter of time before the boundaries shift.
We saw that in the case of Soviet Union when few countries broke away to become independent nations, leaving behind economically weaker Russia. Pakistan is another case where its eastern-wing broke away to become Bangladesh. Plenty of other countries have faced similar fate in recent or distant past. In recent history, only two nations were formed on the name of religion soon after World War 2; Israel for the Jews and Pakistan for the Muslims. Continue reading
[Reproducing below news from pakkisan.com in which Dr. Mohammed Tariq Bucha (President Malik Khuda Bukhsh Bucha Agriculture Foundation and Director & Chief Coordinator Farmers Associate Pakistan) explain Agriculture Tax in Pakistan and its associated myths. The views expressed are not mine, however I support what Dr. Tariq explains in this detailed post.] Continue reading
A good friend Mobeen Ahmed Chughtai brought my attention back to our National Anthem which we spend every school day reciting in the morning and forget it altogether as an adult. Like many problems of Pakistan attached with languages, so is our National Anthem.
Pakistan’s Lingua Franca is English, the national language is Urdu, the provincial languages are Sindhi, Punjabi, Balochi and Pushto and National Anthem is in Persian. What is comical is that a common Pakistani doesn’t know more than three languages listed above on the average.
I found this post from Abdul Haseeb on the First National Anthem of Pakistan and it proved to be very interesting. I had read something similar before but his post is much clearer and gives some more in-depth details along with highlighting the poet who wrote it on none other than Mohammed Ali Jinnah’s instruction, Jagannath Azad. Continue reading
I came across this article by famous Sindhi author and columnist Amar Jaleel in Dawn magazine. It speaks truth about how the central leadership did not gave rights to Bengali brothers in pre-1971 Pakistan. It is though provoking article and we see much of its effects even now.
United Front Against Bengalis
The wise learns lessons from past mistakes, the fool just repeats them
To understand the gravity of the problems between Eastern and the Western wings of Pakistan, we must take into account the huge difference in the population of East Pakistan and West Pakistan. At the time of the coming into being of Pakistan, the population of East Pakistan was 45 million and the population of West Pakistan was 30 million. This reality was always ignored by the successive rulers of Pakistan from 1947 to 1971.
The heat of the language controversy in 1948 was still smouldering in East Pakistan when Liaquat Ali Khan came up with his constitutional proposals. He proposed 200 seats each for East Pakistan and the West Pakistan in the Lower House, and 60 seats each for the two wings in the Upper House. Ignoring the uprising of the Bengalis on language issue in the recent past, Liaquat Ali Khan again recommended Urdu as the state language of Pakistan. Continue reading